Collie Rescue Texas is pleased to offer the following
information for those of you who might not have been
able to find what you were looking for with us.
If you are interested in purchasing a puppy from a
breeder, the following is a guide to help you to find
the best breeder possible. This profile is what we
believe would be the ideal breeder, not every breeder
will be able to fit the profile perfectly but we hope
that you are able to find one that does. Please
do your research to find out the Breed Standard and
the predisposed genetic problems for the breed you are
interested in before you buy. If you have any
questions about the Border Collie please email us and
we will be happy to help. If you are
interested in becoming a breeder, we hope this will
help you to become a better one. Please also
Breeding site to learn about the many situations a
breeder can expect.
long have you been involved with the
breeders are often new to breeding dogs.
It's important that the breeder know a lot
about the Particular Breed and it
shouldn't be someone who just takes two of
their dogs and breeds them together.
Ask if the breeder belongs to a breed club
or organization. Almost every Reputable
Breeder belongs to a local or national
club that sets standards for breeders.
2."Do you work
or show your dogs? What titles do your dogs
have? If they are working dogs, do they have
any working trial titles?"
you may be looking for a pet or a show
dog, the parents of your puppy should have
working, obedience, or show titles in
their pedigrees. This demonstrates the
commitment the breeder has towards
improving the breed. Some Dog breeders of
the puppy’s parents may not have titles,
but the breeder should be working towards
improvement of the quality. Become
familiar with the titles available for the
Particular Breed and ask for proof
(original awards and certificates). Most
breeders are happy to brag about their
3."Why did you
breed these two dogs?"
breeders strive to improve the breed. They
may talk about improving certain
conformation of one dog with another or
may say this is a repeat breeding, and
they really liked the dogs out of the
previous breeding. Most good breeders keep
one or two puppies but occasionally sell
the entire litter if they did not achieve
their purpose. Backyard breeders will
typically answer, "We wanted another
dog", or "We wanted a puppy out
of Fido", or worse "We wanted
our children to see puppies born".
Be wary of those that say, "
We wanted to make money".
Good breeders don't breed solely
for financial gain.
Ask why they chose the stud dog.
The answer should not be, "Because I
own him", or "He was close
Reputable breeders may own the stud
but chose this dog because it had the
better qualities that they were looking
breed to AKC (or breed club)
specific breeders, have a Standard to
breed by, so be familiar with the
Standard. Learn the Standard and
understand its intent. Stay away from
breeders who breed two different breeds
together and sell them as a New Breed.
Know the Standard of the particular breed
before you buy!
Please check out the
AKC Canine Health Foundations Buyer's
litters do your dogs have each year?"
reputable breeders don't encourage
multiple litters every year or breed more
than two females at the same time. If the
breeders say something like, "
Puppies are always available," you
may be dealing with a puppy mill or a
breeder that is “title hunting” in
order to later sell just because they have
Championed all the dogs. Titles are good,
but some abuse them for later making money
on the puppy’s parents. A good breeder
strives for Quality and not Quantity.
6."How old are
the puppies parents?"
breeding dogs and bitches are mature, most
breed clubs and AKC have a standard rule
for when you can breed a dog and a bitch,
or they will not register the litter.
Puppy mills will not wait for a bitch to
fully mature but will breed her as young
as 6 months. Backyard breeders out of
ignorance will breed their dogs young.
7."Can I see
the parents in person or photographs? Can
you tell me about the dogs in this puppy’s
breeders know the puppy’s ancestry and
should have documentation. They should be
willing to show you photographs of the
parents and related dogs or let you see
the parents if both are on the breeder’s
Make sure the dogs look clean,
healthy and happy.
Breeders willing to tell you the possible
genetic problems in the breed you are
dog is predisposed to certain genetic
problems, and specific breeds are prone to
specific problems. A good breeder
will tell you the problems common in the
breed you are looking for and explain them
to you. Do your research before hand in
order to ensure that you are getting the
genetic screens that are necessary for the
breed you are looking for. Good
breeders strive to breed for the
betterment of the breed and remove the
dogs that have genetic problems from their
breeding program. When buying a dog,
make sure that the breeder is concerned
about health problems and is breeding for
good health, temperament as well as good
conformation. Request a written
It is a good idea to ask a breeder if they
have ever seen any type of genetic
problems in their breeding stock, even if
it is not common in that Particular Breed.
Screening Results to be provided:
Orthopedic Foundation for Animals
(OFA) will certify patellas in dogs over
a year old, get certified X-rays of Hips
and patellas showing no signs of
Canine Eye Registration
Foundation (CERF) is dedicated to the
elimination of heritable eye disease in
purebred dogs through registration and
ophthalmic examination using mydriatic,
slit lamp biomicroscopy and gonioscopy
showing no inherited diseases. All
breeding stock should be retested yearly
for any signs of Progressive Retinal
Brucellosis test – this is a
contagious disease of dogs which can
cause abortions and infertility in
females and testicular atrophy and
infections of the prostate and
epididymis in males. Dogs may appear
completely healthy or have only mild
symptoms. This disease is caused by
Brucella canis, an intracellular,
microscopic parasite in the
coccobacillus family--there are three
commonly used blood tests to diagnose
the organism, however, the results can
be equivocal at best. Please consult
with your veterinarian for testing
options in your area and to discuss
staging your female's estrus cycle to
determine the best days to breed
(usually between days 9 and 13).
It is recommended to get vaginal
swabs for cytology to determine peak
estrus and/or blood levels of
BAER (Brain Auditory Evoked Response)
test is a safe and painless testing
device to determine if a dog has a
hearing loss. A BAER test is
performed by placing an insert earphone
into the ear canal, while recording
needle electrodes are inserted in the
skin at the base of each ear. Each
ear is tested individually. A
series of one thousand clicks are
transmitted via the earphone to
stimulate a response. The needle
electrodes, transmitted to the BAER
device, where it is recorded, detect the
response. The click series starts
at 70 decibels and is gradually
increased to 105 decibels (if hearing is
not detected at the lower levels).
By recording the response signals
from the needle electrodes, the BAER
device can then produce a graphic
display of the dog's hearing responses.
A flat line depicts no response,
therefore, no hearing. A wave line
of peaks and valley depicts responses
and hearing sense in that ear.
A dog that is labeled
unilateral has hearing in only one ear.
Bilateral normal has hearing in both
you offer a guarantee? Do you have first
right of refusal? Will you take the dog back
if I can no longer keep it?"
guarantee usually offers compensation of
another puppy or refund. Sometimes the
guarantee includes conditions, and terms,
but the new puppy’s owner should easily
meet them. Many Reputable Breeders will
want right of refusal. This means the
breeder will take back the dog at any age
if you no longer want it. The
breeder looks at breeding puppies as a
life-long commitment that does not end
when the puppy leaves the breeder.
Responsible breeders do not want the puppy
to end up in a shelter, abandoned, or as a
laboratory test animal, or a puppy mill
stock animal. Often breeders will request
that you notify them if you move. They
want to hear how your dog is doing and
will stay in contact with you in case
genetic problems arise later.
10. "What do I
need to know to bring the puppy home
(puppy's age, vaccinations, food)?"
breeders will not allow you to take the
puppy from its mother and littermates
before 8 weeks and some will not until 12
weeks. Puppies need that time to socialize
with their siblings and learn basic
lessons from their mother. Without this
important time, the puppy may develop
temperament problems that can continue
puppies need vaccinations to protect them
from diseases. Some breeders give their
own shots but should have a complete
record of all that has been done for that
puppy, before you buy. And should advise
you on what to do once you get home with
your new puppy. They ask that you take the
puppy to your veterinarian with in a
certain time frame for an examination, and
provide you with further information to
help you with your new breed. Puppy Mills
and Backyard Breeders may not vaccinate,
worm or have their puppies veterinarian
checked before you buy, you then end up
spending more than what you expected.
Most good breeders will send you home with
vet records, an arm full of food,
information and maybe that puppy's special
toy, or a piece of their clothing that
they have worn and cut up so the puppy has
a comfortable transition to its new home
by having a smell they know.
"Do you have a contract? May I see the
contract? AKC papers (if applicable),
parents certification and pedigrees before I
purchase (or put a deposit down on) a
contract, a Bill of Sale between you and
the breeder, will specify guarantees to
expectations of you as an owner. Never buy
a puppy without a contract. The AKC
registration papers are not a binding
contract. Read the contract before you put
money down. Some breeders will make
stipulations in the contract, such as stud
rights, or so many breedings to the bitch,
and how many puppies they will get back
from this breeding. If you don't see them
or don't understand them until after you
have agreed to buy the puppy, and have
already put your deposit or full payment
down, then you have no recourse. If there
is something you don't understand,
have a lawyer read it. Some breeders
require the owner to take the puppy to
obedience training or to spay or neuter
it. If you are buying a puppy as a pet, be
sure there are no stud or breeding rights
in the contract. The breeder should not
coerce you into breeding a pet.
12."Can you provide
should be able to provide references from
previous buyers and other breeders
familiar with their practices. Most
breeders will encourage you to look at
other breeder’s dogs to gain a better
understanding of the breed. Most important
is that breeders should honestly tell you
the breed’s negatives and positives.
13."Can I inspect your breeding
facility in person or photographs? Your home
if that is where the puppies have been
birthed and whelped?”
Breeders should be willing to allow you to
see their facilities, you can learn a lot
about the value a breeder places on the
animals they breed based on the condition
of their facilities.
Make sure they are clean and well cared
for. Under no circumstances
should you purchase a dog from someone who
will only meet you in a parking lot or
under some other similar circumstance.
be aware that just because a puppy is
registered it does not mean that they have
been bred responsibly. The policy for
the AKC, arguably the most respected breed
club in America, is that should you have a
question regarding the reliability of a
specific breeder you should refer to your
local Better Business Bureau.